The topic of racism in America is often approached in the framework of, “What’s wrong with Black people,” or “What Black people should be doing is…” Troya rejects that approach, which she says dehumanizes African Americans. In this work, she insists that we compare African Americans only to other ethnic groups who have historically been subjected to poverty and oppression. What other ethnic groups have historically and systematically been oppressed in America? So where does that leave us? You have to read the book to find out.